Asociación entre parámetros antropométricos y caries dental en niños entre 5 a 6 años de Lima

Ana Cullash-Luza, Eraldo Pesaressi-Torres, Rafael Morales-Vadillo, Silvia Luza-Montero

Resumen


Objetivos: El propósito del presente estudio fue determinar la asociación entre los parámetros antropométricos y la prevalencia de caries dental y sus consecuencias clínicas en niños de la Institución Educativa Inicial 064 “Señor de los Milagros” de Santa Anita, Lima. Materiales y Métodos: El estudio fue analítico y transversal en 100 niños de 5 y 6 años de edad. El diagnóstico de caries dental y sus consecuencias clínicas se realizó mediante criterios OMS y el índice de consecuencias clínicas de caries dental no tratada (pufa). Los parámetros antropométricos de peso para la edad, talla para la edad e índice de masa corporal para la edad fueron determinados con el software AnthroPlus (OMS). Se analizó la asociación entre estas variables con la prueba Chi-cuadrado. Resultados: Se encontró una alta prevalencia de caries dental (73%) y sus consecuencias clínicas (33%). Se detectó un incremento de la prevalencia de pufa en los niños de 6 años de edad (p=0,013). La mayoría de los niños pres

Palabras clave


antropometría; preescolar; caries dental; salud pública.

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Referencias


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