Caries de la primera infancia asociada a las inadecuadas prácticas de lactancia materna y uso de biberón. Revisión de la literatura

Alex Carrera Robalino, Katherine León Hildalgo, Maria Ullaguari Landeta, Alexander Cruz Gallegos, Ana Armas Vega

Resumen


Introducción: La caries de la infancia temprana (CIT) constituye un problema de salud de interés mundial. El propósito de realizar una revisión de la literatura científica es mostrar cómo las prácticas inadecuadas de alimentación por lactancia materna y uso del biberón contribuyen a la caries de la primera infancia. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática, en línea, de la literatura existente en el período comprendido entre 2012 y 2018 en la base de datos Medline, empleando como palabras clave: Caries, Breastfeeding, Bottle feeding y Childhood. Resultados: Se obtuvieron 61 artículos, de los cuales 25 fueron contemplados en esta revisión por considerase afines al objetivo de la misma. La literatura revisada evidenció relación directa entre la presencia de CIT y la forma de alimentación, sin diferencia entre los tipos considerados. Conclusiones: El amamantamiento prolongado después de los dos años de edad del infante al igual que el uso de biberón adicionado con azúcares y carbohidratos constituye un riesgo directo para la CIT.


Palabras clave


Caries; Lactancia; Niño; Alimentación Artificial; Conducta en la Lactancia.

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Referencias


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